- “THE” is used in great number of expressions, such as:
– on one hand/on the other hand:
- On one hand I am happy for her, on the other hand I’m sad she’s leaving.
– at the same time:
- She phoned at the same time I was about to tell him the truth.
- I’m disappointed that my son did not pass the exam, but at the same time I’m glad that Jenny succeeded.
– at the moment/at the present time:
- At the moment she has no future perspectives.
– at most/at the most
- Helen can buy a car for 10 000 pounds at the most.
– by the way:
- Where have you been last night, by the way?
- By the way, I bought a new laptop yesterday.
– in the end/ in the begging:
- In the end, they knew that it could not work.
- In the biggining, the film was rather dull.
*Other expressions: on the left/right; to get to the point; in the middle; in the morning/afternoon/evening; on the radio/telephone; out of the question and so on, in the first/second/third place
2. Placed in front of some adjectives, the definite article transforms those adjectives in plural nouns:
– rich (adjective)/poor (adjective) – the rich (noun)/the poor (noun)
- Mark is rich, but his brother is poor.
- The rich don’t understand the poor.
3. It is used to form the superlative degree of adjectives:
– the best; the most interesting/beautiful/desirable; the biggest; the largest; the smallest; the least; the funniest; the ugliest etc.:
- He is the best friend I’ve ever had.
- Coelho’s newest book is the most interesting novel ever.
- She is the most beautiful girl in the world.
- That is the most desirable thing that could happen.
- These are the biggest mountains in Asia.
- I think this is the ugliest animal in the world.
- This is the smallest insect on earth.
4. The definite articole is used in comparative sentences:
– the…, the… .:
- The more you sleep, the more you feel tired.
- The more you eat, the more you get fat.
- The earlier you come, the sooner we leave.
- The faster you run, the more your chances to winning the competition grow.
5. It can be used in some geographic names:
– The Black Sea; The Danube; The Atlantic Ocean; The Sahara Desert; The United States of America … :
- My parents live near the Black Sea.
- The Danube is the second largest river in Europe.
- They moved to the United States of America.
6. It is used in some historical names:
– Richard the Third; Richard the Lionheart; Napoleon the Second; Alfred the Great and so on.
- Richard the Lionheart was known for his warrior skills.