Romania turns 94 today

Photo by Gabi MIHAI

On December 1st, 1918, the Union of Transylvania with Romania took place. The announcement was made in Alba Iulia in the presence of over 1200 officials from 27 Romanian Committees, at 12 in the afternoon.

The first unification attempt was made between 1599 and 1601, under the rule of Mihai Viteazul. Also known as  Mihai I of Wallachia, he managed to unite  Moldavia, Transylvania and Wallachia, bot not for long. Shortly after his death, in 1601, the unification was canceled.

The following quote represents a chronological display of the Romanian history, prior to December 25th, 1989 – The fall of Nicolae Ceaușescu, thus the fall of communism:

  • … – 106 BC              Kingdom of Dacia
  • 552 – 899                 Kingdom of Ghepids
  • 1290                      Principality of Wallechia
  • 1310                      Principality of Moldova
  • 1541               Moldavia and Walachia vassles of the Ottoman Empire
  • May 1600 – 09 Aug 1601 Mihai I of Wallachia unites Moldavia, Transylvania and Wallachia
  • 1611 – 09 May 1877 Under Ottoman protectorate
  • 24 Jan 1859               Union of the Danubian Principalities
  • 23 Dec 1861               United Romanian Principalities
  • 09 May 1877               Independence from Ottoman Empire
  • 26 Mar 1881               Kingdom of Rumania
  • 06 Dec 1916 – 29 Nov 1918 Southern Rumania under Austro-Hungarian and German occupation
  • 09 Apr 1918               Bessarabia incorporated into Rumania
  • 01 Jan 1919               Bukovina incorporated into Rumania
  • 11 Jan 1919               Transylvania incorporated into Rumania
  • 27 Jun 1940               Bessarabia and Bukovina annexed by the USSR
  • 30 Aug 1940 – 11 Mar 1945 Transilvania restored to Hungary
  • 07 Sep 1940               Southern Dobruja ceded to Bulgaria
  • 25 Jul 1941 – 24 Aug 1944 Bessarabia and Bukovina restored to Rumania
  • 31 Aug 1944 – 10 Feb 1947 Soviet occupation
  • 30 Dec 1947               People’s Republic of Rumania
  • 21 Aug 1965               Socialist Republic of Romania
  • 30 Dec 1989 –             Republic of Romania 

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